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How to use free FTP program FileZilla


Inside This Article
1How to set up your website connection details in FileZilla
   
2. How to create or change file permissions in free FTP program FileZilla

How to create or change file permissions in free FTP program FileZilla



When you have established a connection between your local PC and an FTP site, the FileZilla main window displays the files and folders for your PC on the left side of the main window and the files and folders of your website on the right side of the main window.

At the top of the window there is a menu and a toolbar. From there you can access other functions of FileZilla and you can change the layout of the main window. Below that, there is the message log. Every action you take on the FTP server is logged there, as well as all status messages.

Located at the bottom of the window is the Transfer Queue, which allows you to see what files are scheduled for upload/download and their progress.

FileZilla main window

In addition to downloading and uploading files, You can also set file permissions.

File permissions are used to protect files and directories from deletion and editing by other people.

To help you understand file permissions, I found a very good article on The University Of Arizona website. It even has a video tutorial about permissions. Click the following link to open the page. The video link is located at the bottom of the page.

Understanding Permissions on a Unix Server

This is a screenshot of FileZilla for editing file permissions.

Edit file permissions in FTP

If the web host you use is Unix or Linux based operating system, you can change permissions for files or directories as steps shown below:

  1. Connect to you host account. Your remote files and directories are on the right pane.

  2. In the right pane, select the file or directory that you want to change permissions.

  3. Next, right click on the file or directory.

  4. From the pop-up menu, select File Attributes. Then you can see the pop-up window similar to the one displayed above.

  5. Change the permissions by checking or unchecking the boxes.

One use of the file permissions is when you store all your include files in one directory on your site. Files in this directory should not be viewable to any site visitors (if they know the filename). In this case, I set the file permissions to a numeric value of 770. Anyone accesses the directory receives a Forbidden message.

Forbidden message

Another use of setting file attributes is when you install a third-party open source web application on your web host. Sometimes the application has specific requirements about file permissions. Then you can do it via FileZilla's File Attributes.


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Inside This Article
1How to set up your website connection details in FileZilla
   
2. How to create or change file permissions in free FTP program FileZilla
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